What is Electrical Engineering?

Electricity rates is an engineering discipline centered on electronics and electricity, from microscopic computer parts to big electricity systems. Students who graduate with an electric engineering majors will have career opportunities in fields that are wide-ranging, from telecommunications to the computer industry to the automotive sector.

Key Takeaways: Electrical Engineering

Electrical engineering is an engineering discipline centered on power, from microscopic computer parts to big power networks.
In faculty, electric engineering majors are going to take a variety of courses in math and physics.
Electrical engineers operate in areas such as the computer industry, automotive industry, and telecommunications.
Specializations in Electrical Engineering
Any item that uses or generates electricity was probably made by an electrical engineer. From large scale electricity grids to multifunctional pc parts, electrical engineers operate on a vast assortment of jobs. Below are a few of the most well-known regions of specialty for engineers.

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Communication: If you have ever used a phone, watched tv, or Skyped a buddy, you have used a product which was created by means of a communication engineer. Any task that entails the digital transfer of data from 1 spot to another falls to this electric engineering specialization.
Computers: The hardware aspect of computing–the energy supplies, electronic components, sensors, drives, and storage apparatus –is within the purview of electric engineering. Electrical engineers produce the devices which are subsequently programmed by computer scientists and software engineers.
Control: From the cruise control on your car to the electronic equipment which stabilize a spacecraft, control methods play an significant function in the 21st century. Control engineers designing systems which continuously monitor an item’s functionality and, through feedback methods, make necessary adjustments to ensure proper functioning.
Electronics: An electronics engineer is a specialist in all sorts of circuits, like resistors, diodes, capacitors, and transistors. Electronics are fundamental components in all from wind turbines to vacuum cleaner. Home electronics like televisions and sound systems are also a main portion of the region of specialty.
Instrumentation: From the gas gauge on a vehicle to detectors on a satellite, instrumentation is a fundamental part of most electronics. Considering that the evolution drones and self-driving vehicles, the discipline of instrumentation has a lot of expansion potential in the forthcoming decades.
Microelectronics: Technological advancement is determined by creating ever-smaller apparatus with greater speed and performance. Experts in microelectronics are in the forefront of the progress as they work to make electronic parts at microscopic scales. Materials science and chemistry are significant regions of experience for this specialization.
Power Systems: Power engineers operate on the big systems for creating, storing, and transmitting the power that runs our planet. From generators at a dam to areas of solar panels into the transmission lines which cross the nation, specialists in power have a tendency to operate on large-scale endeavors.
College Coursework for Electrical Engineers
Just like the majority of STEM fields, electric engineers need to take foundation courses in mathematics and the natural sciences, particularly physics courses such as mechanics and electromagnetism. Some specializations, like microelectronics, will also need substantial cooperation in chemistry and materials, whereas a discipline like bioelectronics would demand a solid grounding in the biological sciences.

All electric engineering majors, but will take the following classes:

Calculus I, II, III and Differential Equations
Digital Logic Design
Electromagnetic Fields and Waves
Signals and Systems
Electric Circuits
Embedded Systems
Probabilistic Methods
Communication Systems
Computer Organization
Students who wish to excel at an electric engineering profession might decide to take additional classes associated with communication and leadership abilities. Additionally, many electric engineering applications have internship or co-op conditions, providing pupils hands-on expertise solving real-world challenges. These study expectations are just one reason why technology fields frequently have a lesser four-year graduation rate compared to a number of different majors. Five years isn’t an unusual time period for making a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering.

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Best Schools for Electrical Engineering Majors

Electrical technology, such as mechanical technologies , is a very common branch of technology, and many schools with engineering applications will supply an electrical engineering major. A number of the schools listed below will also be considered a number of the country’s best engineering colleges generally.

California Institute of Technology (Caltech): Located in Pasadena, California, Caltech typically vies with MIT for the name of #1 technology faculty in the U.S. Caltech’s electrical engineering program is a favorite in both the graduate and undergraduate degrees, but it is difficult to enter: the entire undergraduate acceptance rate is 8 percent.
Carnegie Mellon University: Electrical engineering has become the most common major at Carnegie Mellon, which will be located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The college graduates over 150 electric engineers per year. If you like the arts as far as you like STEM topics, you may love CMU, since it is famous because of its strong arts applications.
Cornell University: Located in Ithaca, New York, this member of this Ivy Leagueincludes a highly-regarded faculty of technology. Electrical engineering is among the school’s hottest graduate programs. In the undergraduate level, about 80 students graduate with electrical engineering degrees every year.
Georgia Tech: This public college in Atlanta, Georgia, provides exceptional significance for budding applicants. The strong electrical technology program graduates about 250 students per year, and campus life is lively as a result of this school’s urban place and Division I athletic programs.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT): MIT regularly ranks #1 of all schools for electrical engineering, and also the school’s facilities and school are difficult to beat. Like Caltech, nevertheless, getting that approval letter is an issue. MIT has a 7 percent approval rate, and perfect scores on the mathematics part of the SAT are typical amongst admitted students.
Stanford University: Located in California’s Bay Area, Stanford’s 5 percent approval rate vies with Harvard for the most discerning in the Nation. The school’s technology programs are also a number of the very best in the country, but the college also has advantages that span the arts, humanities, social sciences, and sciences.
University of California in Berkeley: UC Berkeley graduates almost 1,000 engineers every year, and electric engineering accounts for more than one third of these pupils. The UC system is pricier than many public colleges in the U.S., but Berkeley always ranks among the best engineering colleges in the nation.
University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign: With over 48,000 students, UIUC is among the biggest schools on this listing. Its technology college is among the finest in the nation. In-state tuition is a deal, and students may also delight in cheering on the college’s NCAA Division I athletic teams.
University of Michigan: Like UIUC, Michigan includes a highly-regarded faculty of technology placed within a large public university. It has the additional benefit of being located in one of the nation’s finest college towns. The college graduates over 100 electric engineers yearly.
University of Texas in Austin: Electrical and mechanical engineering are just two of the most well-known majors in this college of over 51,000 students. The university’s Cockrell School of Engineering always receives high positions.
Always bear in mind the”best” is a subjective term, and keep in mind the ideal college for your personality, learning style, and professional goals can differ from the colleges listed above.

Average Salaries for Electrical Engineers

Electrical engineering is one of the top paying engineering areas. The Bureau of Labor Statistics says the median pay for electric engineers at 2017 was 97,970 each year. PayScale.com breaks down the numbers further to remember that ancient career workers have a median salary of $69,900, while mid-career electric engineers make a median pay of $118,100. These wages are somewhat higher than those made by mechanical engineers and civil engineers.