A new boat’s electrical system starts with a battery that will supply the electricity for the boat. The system is usually 12 volt DC (direct current), but can be 6 volt, 12 voltage or 24 volt depending on how many and what type of battery power the system is designed for. For this article, the system discussed is a 14 volt system.
A boat’s wiring is a two twine system. One wire goes from the 26650 batteries to the light source or instrument to be used and a second wire returns to the battery from the light or instrument to complete the circuit. In a very Direct Current system the electricity flows only in one course. The electricity flows from the battery to the light and back to the battery. Each item used will have a two wires, one to get power to it, and one returning the electricity. This is a very simple explanation of how a boat is definitely wired.
The batteries that that are used on a boat usually are of 3 basic types. They are a wet cell electric battery similar to the type used in a car, a gel cell battery power and an AGM or Absorbed-glass mat battery. Many of these types are rechargeable. The battery capacity or the amount of electricity it can produce is given by the voltage and amplifiers listed on the battery. The group size of is the physical size of the battery, the height, width and length. This lets you have the right size that will fit in space you have for the battery pack. The battery designation will be Deep Cycle or Cranking.
A deep cycle battery will put out a steady recent over a long time. A Cranking battery can put out a high amount of current for a short time to crank a motor to the site start it, but it will not last a long time under continuous work with like a deep cycle can. Some batteries, like AGM batteries, are often designated as BOTH and are dual reason batteries. Marine Cranking Amps, Cold Cranking Amps and Reserve Capacity data is also often given. These statistics tell you they responds under a load condition and it helps you compare batteries of the same physical size with each other. The boat generator on the boat will determine what cranking amps are required to start often the motor.
A wet cell battery usually has skin cells that you can open and add water to them. When the battery gets hotter14957 under use, water evaporates from them. The cells must always contain the water acid liquid in them covering the cells or the power supply dies. The acid doses not evaporate out, just the waters, so water needs to be added regularly. These wet mobile phone types must also be level or the acid water concoction will run out. The acid can destroy many things if it coolant leaks out. You can get sealed, leak proof wet cell battery pack to avoid having to add water. Gel Cell and AGM batteries are sealed and are leak proof. An AGM battery can be stored in any position and the discharge charge of the AGM type, when it sits unused, is better than the exact wet cell and gel cell batteries.
The load the very battery will have on it will determine the type of marine power that is needed. If it is to be used to start a motor as well as run just a few electric items, a cranking battery is fine fine. If it will be used to power a trolling motor along with electronics, creating a constant drain for an extended period of time, a new deep cycle will be needed. AGM dual purpose battery are becoming popular because the can handle both starting and plenty well. Another reason they are popular is that they are sealed and can be stored and used in any position. The AGM’s are the first choice in the marine industry today.
Two electric battery or more can be hooked together to get more power. If a couple are used together they have to be the same. If the amp standing is different between the batteries one will be damaged. How you fishing hook the batteries together is important. If both are 12 volt batteries and you hook both + (positive) terminals along and hook both – (negative) terminals together, the output between the + side and the – side of the batteries will still be 12 volts, but the amp output doubles. This can be called wired in parallel.